Rituals in Sikh Weddings
Indian weddings are celebrated with considerable pomp and power. There are many varied sorts of weddings in India and Sikh weddings are one of them. For Sikhs, marriage is just now not only a physical and legal union notwithstanding also a fusion or the holy union of two souls. Followed by the Sikh community, the ceremonies of Sikh weddings are a twin of Hindu marriages.
Under Sikh matrimony or Anand Karaj as acknowledged among Sikhs, more preference is given to organized marriages over love marriages. The mother and father of a Sikh boy or a Sikh girl look for a terrifi event of their community and as soon as or now not it's far found, they fix the wedding ceremony and commence arrangements.
The pre wedding ceremony and wedding ceremony rituals in Sikh matrimony are:
Pre wedding ceremony ceremonies come with Kurmai (engagement), Chunni (wedding ceremony veil), Vatna and Mehendi. And on the day of the wedding ceremony, after the Chura ceremony, the Sikh bride and the Sikh groom are married interior the gurudwara.
PRE WEDDING RITUALS
Engagement or Kurmai Ceremony:
The engagement ceremony marks the birth of the wedding ceremony of the soon to be bride and groom. Kurmai, also referred to as mangni in Hindus is mostly a circle of relatives affair with only close friends and circle of relatives relatives most updated. It is either carried out at the gurudwara or the groom's house. Ardas, Kirtan and even langar usually are conducted with exchange of gifts like sweets, outfits and rings between the 2 families.
Wedding Veil or Chunni Ceremony:
After the engagement, groom's circle of relatives visits the bride's house for chunni ceremony. The mother and aunts of the groom most updated a phulkari dupatta with conventional embroidery to the bride. During the ceremony, groom's mother applies henna or mehndi on the palms of the bride.
Under gana ceremony, an auspicious red colored thread is tied on the left and right wrists of the bride and groom respectively. The gana worn by the bride hangs auspicious items like pearls, iron key chain, cowrie shells, and so forth.
The custom designed of Maiya confines the bride and groom to their properties for few days before marriage. This ritual does now not allow either of them to leave the house or to put on bright and colorful outfits.
Vatna is conducted with both the bride and the groom of their houses by their relatives. The female relatives apply ubatan made of turmeric, sandal, cream and rosewater on the bride and the bridegroom's body.
This ceremony is carried out interior the late hours of night before the wedding ceremony by maternal relatives of the bride. They adorn gaffar, a copper vessel with atta made diyas lighted with mustard oil wicks. The girls bring this vessel to the relatives and are welcomed with sweets. All of them sing and dance their conventional dance, giddha.
Mehendi and Sangeet ceremonies are time and again carried out in combination after the Jaggo ceremony. Henna or mehendi is applied on the hands and feet of the bride between thousands party and feasting. The aunts, cousins and friends of the bride also apply mehndi on their hands singing and dancing throughout the ceremony.
THE WEDDING DAY:
On the morning of the wedding ceremony day, the groom's sister-in-legislation jointly with other female relatives fill the decorated gharoli, earthen pitcher with water from the gurdwara. The groom is supposed to take bathtub from this water.
The bride's maternal uncle makes her put on a set of 21 red and white bangles that have been cleansed in buttermilk. Kaleeren are also tied to her wrist by the female relatives.
Sehra is tied to the bridegroom's head by his sisters even as garlands of forex notes adorn his neck. He mounts a decorated horse (ghodi) and leave for the wedding ceremony venue.
The bride and the groom circle the Guru Granth Sahib four times with lavans or hymns recited by the priest. Flowers are showered on the couple and a grand feast takes region.
POST WEDDING RITUAL
The bride dons new outfits and throws back grains of rice even as parting from her circle of relatives.
Unlike Hindu marriages, Sikh weddings take region interior the noon. Sikh marriages are circle of relatives oriented and finished of merrymaking like several marriages in India.