The African-American With Lewis and Clark
Everyone is aware the story of Lewis and Clark and their journey from Camp Wood near to St. Louis, Missouri to the Pacific Ocean . The expedition set out in May 14,1804 with Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. But very little is legendary of one of their very quintessential companions. He used to be a black man named York.
York used to be a slave owned by Clark's father and passed down to Clark in his father's will. It is thought that York married just before setting out on the famous 28 month trek west. It is not truly always known if he had any children. We know very little of York and that is thru the writings of Clark and different members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. As many of the Corps of Discovery members were illiterate, so used to be York.
According to historian, Robert Betts, he used to be allowed an additional special deal of liberty on the journey. He even used to be allowed to maintain a firearm. York helped the agency with peaceful negotiations with the Indians alongside the manner. He used to be it appears proven some recognize by Lewis and Clark as they named just a collection discoveries after him. They were York's Eight Islands and York's Dry Creek. Unlike a number of the different men internal the neighborhood he used to be able to swim. This also in fundamental is a explanation why for a number of the recognize and freedom he used to be afforded.
After they reached what is now Pacific County, Washington, near to the mouth of the Columbia River, his opinion on the side of that of their Shoshone advisor, Sacajawea. used to be judicious as to whether they would camp on the north or the south point of the River.
After getting back from the Columbia-Pacific a lot of the members were given honors, double pay and acreage. That is, everybody different than York. He remained the assets of Clark and saved the one word call of "York" as if he were a pet animal ranking him on the backside of the social ladder.
The rest of the story remains to be in dispute.
According to author Washington Irving, Clark said that he subsequently gave York his freedom about ten years when they returned from the west. Clark told Irving that York subsequently failed at a commercial he started and wanted to reunite with him. He said York subsequently died of cholera. It is not truly always known if he ever situated his wife.
Historian Betts suggests that York escaped to freedom after refusing to return to Clark's custody. It used to be reported that an African American man used to be situated living with the Crow Indians in North Central Wyoming in 1834. This African man told Mr. mcKinney, a trader who met him, that he first came to the house with Lewis and Clark. He returned to south central Wyoming after the expedition and had been there about ten or twelve years. It seemed that he used to be a obligatory among the Indians via he had 4 wives and lived with all of them alternately.
A third source claims that York continued with Clark as a slave and that he asked for his freedom and Clark refused. According to this source Clark did ship him to Kentucky in order that he will likely be closer to his wife. Then after ten years he used to be granted his freedom. He worked i the freighting commercial in Tennessee and Kentucky where he died of cholera in 1832. :